Guru Harkrishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat
1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai
Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Ram Rai, the elder brother of
Guru Harkrishan Sahib was ex-communicated and disinherited due to his
anti-Guru Ghar activities, as stated earlier and Sri Harkrishan Sahib Ji at
the age of about five years, was declared as Eighth Nanak Guru by his father
Guru Har Rai Sahib before his death in 1661.
In order to test the Guru's intelligence, of which everyone spoke very highly,
Raja Jai Singh requested the Guru Sahib to identify the real queen out of the
equally and well dressed ladies surrounding Guru Sahib. The Guru at once went
to a lady dressed as a maidservant and sat in her lap. This lady was the real
queen. There are also many different stories we find in some other Sikh
accounts relating to Guru Sahib's mental ability.
Within a short span of time Guru Harkrishan Sahib through his fraternization
with the common masses gained more and more adherents in the capital. At the
time, a swear epidemic of cholera and smallpox broke out in Delhi. The young
Guru began to attend the sufferers irrespective of cast and creed.
Particularly, the local Muslim population was much impressed with the purely
humanitarian deeds of the Guru Sahib and nicknamed him Bala Pir (child
prophet). Even Aurangzeb did not tried to disturb Guru Harkrishan Sahib
sensing the tone of the situation but on the other hand never dismissed the
claim of Ram Rai also.
While serving the suffering people from the epidemic day and night, Guru Sahib
himself was seized with high fever. The swear attack of smallpox confined him
to bed for several days. When his condition became serious, he called his
mother and told her that his end was drawing near. When asked to name his
successor, he merely exclaimed 'Baba Bakala'. These words were only meant for
the future (Guru) Teg Bahadur Sahib, who was residing at village Bakala near
river Beas in Punjab province.
In the last moment Guru Harkrishan Sahib wished that nobody should mourn him
after his death and instructed to sing the hyms of Gurbani. Thus the 'Bala Pir'
passed away on Chet Sudi 14,(3rd Vaisakh), Bikrami Samvat 1721, (30th March,
1664) slowly reciting the word "Waheguru" till the end.