Details of Sikh Guru , 10 Sikh Guru sahiban history. Sikhism is a 5th largest religion in the world. It was founded over 540 years ago by Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
Sikh Guru sahiban Guru Nanak was born in 1469 at Talwandi in the Punjab. Talwandi was later renamed Nankana Sahib in his honour and is now in Pakistan. Guru Nanak’s father, Mehta Kalu, wanted to bring him up as an orthodox Hindu, but Guru Nanak rejected the rituals and customs associated with Hinduism and other religions from the very start. Instead he showed people the essence of true devotion to God.
Guru Nanak replied: ‘Make kindness the material, and spin the thread of contentment. Tie knots of truth and virtue. These qualities in a person are the real sacred thread’. Guru Nanak spoke these words in beautiful poetry and this hymn is also in the Guru Granth Sahib.
Throughout his life, Guru Nanak continued to spread God’s message, travelling across many countries for more than twenty years.
Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji
Sikh Guru sahiban Guru Angad was the second Sikh Guru born in 1504 , following Guru Nanak. He was originally called Bhai Lehna. . When he finally met with him he recognised God’s light in Guru Nanak and fell at the Guru’s feet out of respect and love. Bhai Lehna never again left Guru Nanak, choosing instead to serve him in any way he could and walk in the true path to God.
Guru Angad collected together the hymns of Guru Nanak and wrote them, along with some of his own, in the Gurmukhi script.
Sikh Guru sahiban Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak was born at village Basarke Gillan in Amritsar district on Vaisakh Sudi 14th, (8th Jeth), Samvat 1536 (5th May 1479). (Some chronicles mention the month of April 1479). His father Tej Bhan Bhalla and mother Bakht Kaur (also reffered as Sulakhani and Lakhmi Devi) were orhtodox Hindus and used to pay annual visits to the Ganges river at Haridwar.
He himself visited and sent Sikh missionaries to different parts of India to spread Sikhism.
Shri Guru Ramdas Ji
Sikh Guru Sahiban Sri Guru Ramdas ji was born in Lahore into a Sodhi Khatri family residing in Mohalla Chuna Mandi. By all accounts, the date of his birth was the second day of the dark half of the month Karthik in the Bikrami Samvat (1591 (24 September 1534). His parents Har Das and Daya Vati were known for their honest and pious living. Ram Das was popularly addressed as Jetha, being the first-born of his parents (Sanskrit word Jayeshth means the first).
Shri Guru Arjun Dev Ji
Guru Arjan was the fifth Guru was born in 1563 , and the youngest son of Guru Ram Das. Guru Arjan built the Golden Temple at Amritsar in the middle of the lake constructed by the fourth Guru. He also built beautiful gurdwaras at what are now the great cities of Taru Taran, Kartarpur and Shri Hargobindpur. Guru Arjan brought together the hymns of the first four Gurus and his own into a volume called the Adi Granth. Sikhs believe that the Gurus’ hymns are the words of God, and therefore the Holy Scriptures are treated with utmost respect. From the day the Adi Granth was completed and entered the Golden Temple, Guru Arjan slept on the floor of the temple, out of his love and respect for the word of God. Guru Arjan was the first Sikh martyr.
Shri Guru Hargobind Ji
The sixth Guru was born in 1595 , the only son of Guru Arjan. His name was Har Gobind. He was only eleven years old when his father was martyred and he became Guru under instructions left by Guru Arjan. Guru Har Gobind wore two swords along with his prayer beads, one represented spiritual power and the other worldly power: these have become part of the symbol of the Sikh faith. (Both of the swords can be seen at the Golden Temple in Amritsar.)
Shri Guru Har Rai Ji
Guru Har Rai was born in 1630, he was only fourteen when he became Guru. He was ordered by Guru Har Gobind to keep 2,200 soldiers and horses with him at all times.The Guru was once asked by the Emperor of India to come and explain his hymns. He declined, but sent his son, Ram Rai, with strict instructions not change any word or meaning of the hymns, or to show any miraculous powers.
Shri Guru Harkrishan Ji
Guru Harkrishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Ram Rai, the elder brother of Guru Harkrishan Sahib was ex-communicated and disinherited due to his anti-Guru Ghar activities, as stated earlier and Sri Harkrishan Sahib Ji at the age of about five years, was declared as Eighth Nanak Guru by his father Guru Har Rai Sahib before his death in 1661.
Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
The ninth sikh Guru sahiban , Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in 1621 and given his name (meaning ‘brave sword’) to replace his birth name Tyag Mal. He was appointed Guru over several rivals at the age of 43.He was the great uncle of Guru Har Krishan, and one of the sons of Guru Har Gobind. Many people plotted against him. He continued the fight against the Mogul rulers who were demolishing temples and forcing people to convert to Islam.
Sikh Guru sahiban Guru Gobind Singh was born in 1666. He was only nine years old when his father was executed and he had to take on the role of Guru. He was a great poet, and a book of his poems known as the Dasam Granth (the Tenth Collection) ranks second only to the Guru Granth Sahib itself. He made two highly important contributions to Sikhism – he formed the Khalsa, the community of the pure, and elected the Adi Granth (which became the Guru Granth Sahib) to be the final Guru.